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Formal Equivalence

Zechariah 1:6
But didn't My words and My statutes that I commanded My servants the prophets overtake your ancestors? They repented and said: As the Lord of Hosts purposed to deal with us for our ways and deeds, so He has dealt with us.

According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the 500 most used words in the English language each has an average of 23 different meanings. The word “round,” for instance, has 70 distinctly different meanings.
Tan, Paul Lee, Encyclopedia of 7,700 Illustrations, (Garland, Texas: Bible Communications, Inc.) 1996.

Formal or functional equivalence is the attempt to translate Scripture on a word-for-word basis. In theory, no consideration is given to the difference in word meaning or slang over the centuries.

Dynamic Equivalence




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